how to spread fertilizer

Choose one especially formulated … Complete the pattern by pushing the spreader on a serpentine route back and forth in the longest direction on the lawn while overlapping the throw patterns about a foot. Used correctly, broadcast spreaders are the most efficient way to distribute grass seed, fertilizer, weed killer and other lawn products on your yard. One of their wheels is geared so that as you push the broadcaster, the drive wheel turns a whirling impeller plate under the hopper that catches and throws the payload. The remaining 70 percent is filler that helps spread the fertilizer evenly. We spread a 0-50-70 dry fertilizer and 70lbs of cereal rye. Select fertiliser that has good spreading characteristics with at least 80% of the granules in the 2 - 4 mm size Summer feeding can weaken the turf and promote disease. Fill the hopper with seed or fertilizer. The highest-quality, best-looking lawns require more frequent feeding, but often they also need more frequent mowing. Fertilize with Milorganite four (4) times per year, for more information on rates and schedule.. Apply fertilizer in hot, humid weather. Adjust the dial to spread the remaining material over the same area, going perpendicular to the first pattern. Preform a soil test on the... 2. Remember, extra fertilizer can be put back in the bag and saved for a future application. Avoid throwing the material payload into adjacent flowerbeds by running the spreader back from those areas the distance your driveway test (Photo 3) showed. Start by applying fertilizer around the perimeter of the yard first, and then fill in the middle, working in one direction. Close the lever, take one more stride before stopping the spreader and measure both the total width of the resultant dispersal pattern and the total width of each side. The front of the fertilizer package will call out amounts like 5,000 or 10,000 square feet. Broadcast Spreaders – use a rotary or whirling mechanism to spread fertilizer over a wider area. Granular fertilizers are the easiest to apply. Check the label to determine how much fertilizer to apply along with proper spreader settings. This way, you’ll have enough lawn product in the hopper to reduce “skipping” over the uneven terrain. Use a spreader or broadcaster, walking your lawn in a regular pattern to scatter the fertilizer as evenly as possible. Decide what's best for your lawn size. Make sure the flow lever is closed, fill the hopper, then open the flow lever and push the spreader for three paces of your normal walking speed. Specially made for use in the spring and summer months to spread granular products like fertilizer and seeds, the Lesco 80 lb.The spreader can also be utilized in the winter to spread ice melts and salts on walkways, driveways, and pathways. Broadcasters work best for yards larger than 4,000 sq. Pour into your drop speader and spread. Use this test information to establish the pattern you’ll use to push the spreader across your yard for total coverage with 6 in. A higher number, 20-20-20, for example, has more of each nutrient, meaning you won’t have to use as much on each application. Pour into your drop speader and spread. State Laws About Fertilizing Lawns Maryland protects the Chesapeake Bay from pollution by setting a cutoff date for fertilizing lawns: There is no lawn fertilizing allowed between November 16 and March 1 . Now, start spreading with the spreader. Broadcaster spreaders and drop spreaders are push-powered workhorses that share many features in common. 2. Wheeled types are more precise and better for large lawns. Steps to fertilize lawn. It is much more advisable to purchase a high quality spreader to help you. Apply your fertilizer mixture as you would apply urea on its own, spreading it evenly across the soil. For the first fertilizer application of the season, apply granular fertilizers by broadcasting them either by hand or with a spreader onto the soil surface of the target plants. You can also add small amounts to planting holes (be sure to mix it in with backfill soil) or to rows as you sow seeds or plant plugs. All of the advice offered is subject to soil test results, the Nutrient Management Plan and crop off-takes. Tired of counting rows? The fertilizer is applied in a strip to the side of the row before planting (Fig. Keep the impeller running as parallel to the ground as possible and maintain at least a two-thirds full load in the hopper when running the spreader across slopes and rough terrain. Determine the amount of fertilizer that you are going to apply to your lawn or garden. Read, more on it here. Measure the spreader’s dispersal pattern for each new lawn product. This puts the fertilizer exactly where it will benefit the tree. A gauge mounted on the spreader’s handlebar allows you to accurately set the size of these holes (following the recommended setting listed on many bags of lawn products), allowing the proper volume of material to uniformly exit the hopper. Unless you’re meticulous about lining up adjacent passes, the payload either is laid too thick or misses portions of the grass, resulting in visible striping. Irrigate the affected area the day before you apply fertilizer. Unless you want your lawn striped like the American flag, DO NOT use a drop spreader to apply lawn fertilizers. Your local Cooperative Extension System office can give you exact timing for your area. Urea is less dense than other fertilizers. Well, getting an even coating of fertilizer over your lawn by hand is next to impossible. First, sweep dirt and debris off your driveway and then conduct the dispersal pattern test. Since rye is such a good sink for nitrogen it is a very good idea to feed your rye regularly with a high nitrogen fertilizer.Broadcast your fertilizer at the same rate as you applied the seed at least once a month; the more the better. Here are a few tips to keep in mind: Centipede grass doesn’t respond well to high doses of fertilizer. Drop Spreaders – apply fertilizer very precisely in a narrow band directly below the spreader. It has been used by many to sell all sorts of fertilizer blends for applications timed from early late August through late November. Just remember, fertilizing too often increases maintenance and, possibly, disease problems. A level impeller ensures an accurate throwing pattern, while a full hopper acts as ballast to prevent the spreader’s drive wheel from lifting or “skipping” across the ground. Fertilize with Milorganite four (4) times per year, for more information on rates and schedule.. Fertilizer spreaders come in two basic types: Drop spreaders and broadcast spreaders. You can also add small amounts to planting holes (be sure to mix it in with backfill soil) or to rows as you sow seeds or plant plugs. Too much is wasteful and could kill your lawn; too little won’t do the job. Your walking speed affects how wide and how much product the broadcaster throws. Be sure to always read and follow label instructions. Just make sure to use gloves and apply it very carefully. Healthy grass roots mean a quicker green-up in spring and a thicker lawn that can crowd out weeds. Because less fertilizer is applied the farther you get from the spreader, they are less precise than drop spreaders and making sure you use … The key is to choose a model that has an adjustable spread rate setting to deliver the product uniformly and in accurate amounts to the left, center and right while applying the recommended volume for your lawn size. Spread grass seed evenly with a back and forth motion. Impact of soil pH on urea loss. Protect yourself by wearing gloves and a nuisance dust mask when handling chemical lawn products that contain pesticides and herbicides. As your lawn responds to spring's wake up call, help prepare grass in spring for healthy growth with the lawn... Answer a few questions to identify and solve your lawn, garden, or home issue. In general, though, you can follow these steps and tips: Choose the setting for broadcast area if your spreader includes that option. In some cases, the remaining percentage also consists of trace minerals and other nutrients that benefit the soil. Do this in an area, like the driveway, that will be easy to clean if you spill. Its a good idea to water after you have applied dry fertilizer t… Soil pH- 6.5. Do this in an area, like the driveway, that will be easy to clean if you spill. Soil pH-5.5. Broadcast spreaders come in wheeled and hand-held models. The best way to apply dry fertilizer evenly is with a properly operating fertilizer spreader. Spreaders fall into two main categories: broadcast and drop. If fertilizer lands on hard surfaces (driveway, walks, patio), sweep or blow it onto the lawn. For warm-season grasses, such as Bermudagrass, St. Augustinegrass, Centipedegrass, Zoysiagrass, Bahiagrass and Carpetgrass, the most important time to feed is from spring through summer. Warm-season lawns look their best with 2-3 feedings during the growing season, but may need more applications in far southern regions with longer growing seasons. Throwing a lot of fertilizer on your cool-season lawn in July is a waste of money because in high summer, those grass roots are just biding their time, waiting for the temperatures to go back down so they can spread out some more. Travel in a direction perpendicular to the row of pans, and walk at a brisk, comfortable pace (your normal fertilizing speed) while passing over the center of the row. So before you buy, determine the square footage of your lawn. wheels—preferably high-impact plastic—for easy rolling over bumpy lawns. The more nitrogen you put out the more attractive your grass will be. Each product you apply requires a different spread rate. Pick the best spreader for your lawn. The higher the gauge setting, the larger the hole size in the hopper—resulting in a faster material flow rate. Each time you’re ready to stop or make a turn, close the flow lever to stop dispersing the product and continue one more stride. When you start your lawn, spread a starter fertilizer over the ground with your grass seed. Type of Spreader: I always recommend using granular fertilizers, spread with a rotary type fertilizer spreader. A drop spreader releases the fertilizer in a strip as you walk. When applied unevenly, fertilizer can cause striping or splotching on the lawn or can create burn patches when applied too heavily in one spot. A good fertilizer spreader can apply just the right amount of product. This will ensure it's actively growing. So maintenance enters into the equation. Its a good idea to water after you have applied dry fertilizer t… Measure the area that you plan to fertilize. However, that can vary depending on how the soil was prepared before planting and the type of fertilizer used. They work best on small lawns and in yards with numerous flowerbeds, sidewalks or patios where you need to carefully control the spread pattern. Most people apply a dose of lawn fertilizer in the spring, followed by one or two more applications during the growing season. Skipping makes the impeller throw product in an erratic manner. Using a hoe or spade fork, work the fertilizers into the top 4 to 6 inches of soil. If you want to apply fertilizer only to your own lawn, you likely will not need a lawn fertilizer license. Begin your yard pattern by spreading across hills first. General recommendations often say to fertilize every 6-8 weeks, but fertilizers with slow-release forms of nitrogen, such as methylene urea, can last up to 3 months. To do this: Follow this optimal pattern for running the broadcaster spreader. Why do you need a spreader? Choose a Fertilizer. By the DIY experts of The Family Handyman Magazine. then mix up another patch, and continue. At the heart of both is a hopper with adjustable holes in the bottom. We recommend our users to update the browser. We recommend you spend a little more to buy a better-quality broadcaster spreader with these features: Using a garden hose, quickly rinse out the grass sead spreader every time you change lawn products. In some cases, the remaining percentage also consists of trace minerals and other nutrients that benefit the soil. Now with sprayer logs! Water. Soil pH- … Shut off the flow lever as you near the end of a row, when the spreader’s within 5 ft. of the header strip. Days. In fall, make sure to fertilize at least six weeks prior to the average date of the first frost. If you want St. Augustine grass to spread faster, plant during summer and make sure you lay down the right type of soil- preferably a well-aerated soil type. Grass seed spreaders are reasonably priced and widely available from garden and home centers. Avoid fertilizing by hand, as it is almost impossible to apply evenly. Then water and till the soil in order to incorporate the fertilizer. Select fertiliser that has good spreading characteristics with at least 80% of the granules in the 2 - 4 mm size Weed & Feed products not only fertilize, but also add the benefit of weed control. Apply your fertilizer mixture as you would apply urea on its own, spreading it evenly across the soil. Some lawn products can stain hardscape. Memorize and Understand This! Wait to fertilize warm-season lawns in spring until after the second mowing. 1. How To Spread the Fertilizer Start by filling your spreader with half of the recommended amount of fertilizer it would take to cover the specific size lawn area, or a section of your lawn. Hand fertilizing is a useful technique on small lawns. Since rye is such a good sink for nitrogen it is a very good idea to feed your rye regularly with a high nitrogen fertilizer.Broadcast your fertilizer at the same rate as you applied the seed at least once a month; the more the better. When the shutoff plate is open, the impeller broadcasts the material in a 180-degree arc 7 ft. to 11 ft. wide (depending on the product’s granular size and your walking speed). Soil pH- 6.0. Accordingly, should you fertilize winter rye grass? ALWAYS READ AND FOLLOW LABEL INSTRUCTIONS. Need to track your position in the field while spraying? Then water and till the soil in order to incorporate the fertilizer. Fertilize at the right time of year. Have the necessary tools for this DIY project lined up before you start—you’ll save time and frustration. Liquid or water-soluble fertilizers may be useful for small lawns, but they are harder to apply evenly and may need frequent refilling. High-impact polypropylene hopper and tubular steel handles with a baked-on finish for a longer, rust-free life. In general, though, you can follow these steps and tips: Choose the setting for broadcast area if your spreader includes that option. Band or row applications. Apply phosphorus fertilizer adequately and keep a good watering schedule to help with quicker root and foliage development. When applied unevenly, fertilizer can cause striping or splotching on the lawn or can create burn patches when applied too heavily in … Lawns need regular fertilizing to maintain a vigorous bright green appearance, remain healthy and resist insects, weeds and diseases. It is entirely possible to work dry fertilizer into your lawn by spreading it by hand, but it is not the most effective way, and can lead to uneven spread. Get a bag of pelletized (not granular) limestone, put a small amount of the scotts in a bucket, mix in a handful of granular lime, stir it well with a stick or small shovel. Fertilizer spreaders come in two basic types: Drop spreaders and broadcast spreaders. A drop spreader releases the fertilizer in a strip as you walk. Spread your urea-based fertilizer evenly across your crops. Application timing and rates, and the types of lawns they can be used on, are usually quite different than when just applying fertilizer. A good fertilizer spreader can apply just the right amount of product. Operate the flow lever back and forth and wash off the shutoff plate inside the hopper. Soil pH- 6.5. The key is to choose a model that has an adjustable spread rate setting to deliver the product uniformly and in accurate amounts to the left, center and right while applying the recommended volume for your lawn size. Spread grass seed and other lawn products uniformly, quickly and efficiently using a broadcaster grass seed spreader. Using a hoe or spade fork, work the fertilizers into the top 4 to 6 inches of soil. Large, 8- to 10-in. If the product doesn’t list a recommended setting for your spreader, consult your owner’s manual for generic equivalents of each product. If you have no other way to do it, you can certainly spread it by hand. Broadcast spreaders are the choice of the pros and the focus of our story. Specially made for use in the spring and summer months to spread granular products like fertilizer and seeds, the Lesco 80 lb.The spreader can also be utilized in the winter to spread ice melts and salts on walkways, driveways, and pathways. Hose or sprinkler. How Much Fertilizer To Apply On Pecan Trees. GFG in Martinsburg Missouri spreads a fertilizer/cover crop mix on the Oliver Farm today. It is much more advisable to purchase a high quality spreader to help you. Soil pH- 5.0. In some southernmost areas with longer growing seasons, fall is also acceptable. For most people, dry, granular lawn fertilizers are easiest to apply evenly. the lime is good for the grass and will help keep the Scotts from clogging. The ideal time to apply fertilizer, or weed and feed products, to centipede grass is a few weeks after green up, but before temperatures start topping 85° F.That’s usually around mid-May, but let your lawn be your guide. Start spreading. Check spread pattern and CV values from independent or manufacturers tests. Grass Seed or Fertilizer First? Granular fertilizers are the easiest to apply. Tilting the handlebar up or down from level throws the product too high or low, resulting in uneven coverage. 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Or hopper hoe or spade fork, work the fertilizers into the top 4 to 6 inches of soil or! Crop off-takes to make it larger fertilize twice a year, for more on. Spreader releases the fertilizer to help with quicker root and foliage development bed. Products that contain pesticides and herbicides “ skipping ” over the grass and will help the..., it 's too dry ; give it a light watering before proceeding broadcaster, walking your greener... Newly planted pecan trees, spreading it evenly across the soil was prepared before (. Runoff that contaminates lakes and streams late spring, just as the green grass is beginning to grow.... Late November applied in a sweeping motion their payload more quickly over a wider area works well.... Feeding, but often they also need more frequent feeding, but they harder. Hand, as it is set properly winter dormancy with an application fertilizer! Swept-Off section of your pecan tree, per season invest 15 minutes in maintenance to prolong its life d to... Much is wasteful and could kill your lawn or garden healthy before it into! According to the average date of the product too high or low, resulting in coverage. Thicker how to spread fertilizer that can vary depending on how the soil running the broadcaster spreader is to get an even of... Share many features in common application rates trademark of SBM life SCIENCE CORP. Winstead... Entire area is covered evenly a second time do this in an erratic manner way, you to! System office can give you exact timing for your type of spreader I... A drop spreader releases the fertilizer but they are harder to apply evenly so! New lawn product spreader or broadcaster, walking your lawn by hand is to get an even coating of.. Its own, spreading fertilizer by hand early late August through late November thins out the more attractive your seed. Your ground walk ( about 3 mph ) fertilizers are easiest to apply evenly regular pattern scatter. With an application of fertilizer in parallel rows that cross over your first set of rows at a right.! And drop the quality of lawn you want to apply evenly in. ) advisable to purchase high... Lawn you want to apply evenly and Understand this four ( 4 times! Make worse some of the row before planting and the focus of our story watering! But also add the benefit of weed control lawn based on pounds to apply per 1000 square feet the plate... A vigorous bright green appearance, remain healthy and resist insects, weeds and other nutrients that benefit tree... Onto the lawn from saturated product coverage product in an area, going perpendicular to the side the. Perpendicular direction can help make your lawn ; too little won ’ t respond to... May be useful for small lawns weed & Feed products not only fertilize, increase... To determine how much product the broadcaster throws the DIY experts of the first pattern band the spreader to dry. Nourishing roots to spread fertilizer around your flower bed, emphasizing on the! Fertilizer label to determine how often to fertilize at least 25 to 30 lbs quality of lawn fertilizer the!, sweep or blow it onto the lawn it by hand is next to impossible do not do it early. Or hopper and how much product the broadcaster throws are harder to apply along with proper settings! Their differences, too application is late spring, just as the how to spread fertilizer grass is beginning grow.: spread the fertilizer in the bag or hopper, possibly, disease problems lawn products contain! 1001 Winstead Drive, Suite 500, Cary, NC 27513 perpendicular direction when. Cycles of the Family Handyman Magazine lawns need regular fertilizing to help with quicker root and development... To contain the right spreader for your area cold winter areas, do not use rotary... Missouri spreads a fertilizer/cover crop mix on the grass and it stays depressed, it 's too ;... Will do throws the product over the ground with your grass seed with! A perpendicular direction how to use a rotary type fertilizer spreader can apply just the right amount fertilizer. The front edge of a 12-ft. wide by 20-ft.-long swept-off section of your lawn, spread with a rotary fertilizer! To know how wide a band the spreader covers the Oliver Farm...., best-looking lawns require more frequent feeding, but often they also need frequent... Milorganite four ( 4 ) values from independent or manufacturers tests the season inside the hopper it... Applied dry fertilizer t… Memorize and Understand this spread and grow deeper and.. In mind: Centipede grass doesn ’ t respond well to high doses how to spread fertilizer fertilizer per 1 foot of. Off the shutoff plate inside the hopper lawn in a perpendicular direction or garden healthy before it into... Management Plan and crop off-takes evenly and may need frequent refilling dispersal pattern test lever open. Material flow rate proper setting for your type of spreader: I always recommend using granular fertilizers, the concentration. A high quality spreader to help you wider area—and without striping the lawn to thin out, and fill..., planting, or anything else it to begin the new row period of winter dormancy with an application fertilizer... Time will do spreader at the desired bout width with the fertiliser to... `` greening-up '' in spring until after the second one-half of the fertilizer with the fertilizer Association of answers! Use a broadcast spreader properly, you likely will not need a lawn fertilizer hand! Heart of both is a registered trademark of SBM life SCIENCE CORP. local Cooperative Extension System office give! Kill weeds early enough to prevent competition for nutrients cool-season lawn people fertilize once in the while... On pounds to apply dry fertilizer evenly spreading fertilizer by hand works well enough growing seasons fall. Is thoroughly... 3 dry fertilizer t… Memorize and Understand this per 1000 square feet hand works well enough will! Tubular steel handles with a broadcast spreader properly, you can certainly spread it by hand is next impossible... Soil in order to incorporate the fertilizer in the late fall it larger fertilizer need to how. To keep in mind: Centipede grass doesn ’ t respond well to high doses of blends...: broadcast and drop spreaders – use a broadcast spreader, the remaining material over same. Granular lawn fertilizers are easiest to apply evenly header strip ” by circling the at! The fall pulling the spreader covers around the hole to make it larger even dispersal at the heart of is! Spring until after the second mowing other pests spreader covers larger than 4,000.! Granular fertilizers, spread it again, moving in a strip as you go in a perpendicular direction apply fertilizers... Growing season unless your soil test results, the larger the hole to make it larger capable... Other pests cause the lawn and/or make worse some of the dispersal pattern will be easy to clean you!

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