jamaican citizenship by descent

He adds that PICA took a deliberate step to increase … I learned that individuals like you who have parents from Jamaica, are qualified to apply for citizenship in a category known as Citizenship by Descent. We’ll go through the steps of becoming a Jamaican Citizen by descent first. Applicant’s Birth Certificate/Statement of Live Birth/Certification of birth. $100.00 – Persons who never held a Jamaican passport or who cannot produce a previous Jamaican passport (issued prior to Sept 2001) are required to pay this fee via international money order payable to the Passport, Immigration & Citizenship Agency. Completed Application for Jamaican Citizenship by descent. Her birth to Jamaican parents does not automatically make her a citizen. An applicant qualifies for Citizenship by descent where: (i) He or she was born outside of Jamaica before 6th August 1962 and was on 5th August 1962 a citizen of the United Kingdom and its Colonies; (ii) His or her mother or father on the 6th August became or would have, but for his/her death, become a citizen of Jamaica; and. Applicant must ensure that errors on documents are corrected by offices where they were issued prior to submitting application. Citizenship by descent - is it really worth the waiting and all other demands that come with it? This list may not reflect recent changes . This makes Britain the destination of choice for not only skilled individuals, but also those whose heritage can be traced to its shores. GOVERNMENT OF JAMAICA MINISTRY OF NATIONAL SECURITY Permanent Secretary Ministry of National Security Passport, Immigration & Citizenship Agency Q I am enquiring about the procedure and price (if any) to apply for dual citizenship for my three-month-old son, who is an American citizen.. A If you were born in Jamaica, or the descendant of a Jamaican, then your son is eligible for citizenship by descent. Are You Of Jamaican Descent? Father’s name must appear on applicant’s birth certificate if claiming citizenship through father, 2. Requirements for Citizenship by Birth / Adoption / Descent, Jamaican Citizenship by Birth refers to the following: Applicant’s Birth Certificate/Statement of Live Birth/Certification of birth. Jamaican Citizenship by Birth refers to the following: Any person born in Jamaica prior to August 6, 1962, who was on that date a citizen of the United Kingdom and its colonies. In this video I’m detailing the benefits, requirements, and how to all from first-hand experience of me applying for my citizenship in Jamaica and what you need to know before you apply as well. Applicant must ensure that errors on documents are corrected by offices where they were issued prior to submitting application. Jamaican Citizenship by Adoption refers to the following: A non-Jamaican child who has been legally adopted in Jamaica in accordance with the Children (Adoption) Act; can claim Jamaican citizenship through either the adoptive mother or adoptive father and who must be Jamaican citizens at the time adoption occurred, Adoption certificate issued by the Registrar General’s Department of Jamaica. There is a certain criteria to fit to be eligible for citizenship. Any person born in Jamaica prior to August 6, 1962, who was on that date a citizen of the United Kingdom and its colonies. Q: If I acquired Jamaican citizenship by descent and am desirous of returning to Jamaica, am I entitled to duty concessions? 3. ii) Additional documents may be requested after the review of the application. Jamaican Citizenship by Descent refers to: Anyone born outside of Jamaica to parents (mother or father or both) who are citizens of Jamaica at the time of birth, Certificate of citizenship issued by the Passport, Immigration & Citizenship Agency of the Ministry of National Security in Jamaica, 1. Why should I become a citizen; Replacement of Citizenship Certification; Category Of Citizenship. By law, all persons born outside of Jamaica, who have a claim to Jamaican citizenship by descent, whether through parents or grandparents, are required to formally apply for the Certification of Jamaican Citizenship. Important information to avoid delays in processing application: 1. How do I give up (renounce) Jamaica Citizenship; Restoration of Jamaican Citizenship; Citizenship Fees; Service Location; Forms; Laws; Can I be a citizen of two countries; Becoming a Citizen. Factbook > Countries > Jamaica > Government. Those born in Jamaica or born to Jamaican fathers before 5 August 1962 acquired Jamaican citizenship on that day. Proof of Citizenship: Certificate of citizenship issued by the Passport, Immigration & Citizenship Agency of the Ministry of National Security in Jamaica. Cost £65.40 These include applications for citizenship: Descent. Fax: 212-935-7507, @2019 - mfaft.gov.jm. 767 Third Avenue The documents (either the originals or duly notarized) required to apply for Jamaican citizenship are: 1. Any person born in Jamaica after August 5, 1962, Birth Certificate issued by the Registrar General’s Department of Jamaica. Birth Certificate issued by the Registrar General’s Department of Jamaica. If the application for Jamaican, citizenship is approved, he retains American citizenship as the USA allows dual nationality. Any person born in Jamaica prior to August 6, 1962, who was on that date a citizen of the United Kingdom and its colonies. An applicant qualifies for Citizenship by Descent where: He/she was born outside Jamaica before August 6, 1962; and His/her mother or father became or would have, but for his/her death, become a citizen of Jamaica on August 6, 1962. Citizenship by Naturalization A person may be granted naturalization after a minimum period of five (5) years residency in Jamaica on application following his/her residency through either Visa or Work Permit application. A completed descent application form, click here here to obtain form; Applicant's original birth certificate; Two identical full face passport size photographs. $40.00 - Processing and handling fee. If the marriage is genuine and is not solely for the purpose of allowing you to become a citizen, then you may apply for Jamaican citizenship. It is a land ripe with possibility and perfect for raising a family in safety. Requirements for Citizenship by Birth / Adoption / Descent. This fee is required for ALL applications. Do You Want To Become A Citizen Of Jamaica? Becoming a British citizen is the dream of millions of honest hardworking people across the globe. 3. Jamaican Citizenship by Descent refers to: Anyone born outside of Jamaica to parents (mother or father or both) who are citizens of Jamaica at the time of birth. Can I get UK citizenship by descent through my father or mother? Proof of Citizenship: Certificate of citizenship issued by the Passport, Immigration & Citizenship Agency of the Ministry of National Security in Jamaica. Requirements for Citizenship by Birth / Adoption / Descent Jamaican Citizenship by Birth refers to the following: Any person born in Jamaica prior to August 6, 1962, who was on that date a citizen of the United Kingdom and its colonies. Any person born in Jamaica after August 5, 1962, A Completed Application for Jamaican Citizenship by Descent form – obtained from the Consulate or from our Online Form selection, Original birth certificate of mother or father, Original Marriage certificate of parents, if applicant was born in wedlock, Valid driver’s license or Federal ID or passport of mother or father (minors only), A valid government issued ID (valid driver’s license or passport – adults only). If… However, they still need to pay processing and handling fee (see below). b. NOTE: In the case of Citizenship by Descent and Citizenship by Marriage, applicants may apply for their passports through the Consulate AFTER receiving their Certificates of Citizenship. Jamaican Citizenship by Descent refers to: Anyone born outside of Jamaica to parents (mother or father or both) who are citizens of Jamaica at the time of birth. Completed Application for Jamaican Citizenship by descent. Two recent passport-sized photographs – photographs taken should be certified as “I certify this to be a true photo of (FULL NAME OF PERSON)” and should be stamped and signed by the notary. Tel: 212-935-9000 His/her mother or father became or would have, but for his/her death, become a citizen of Jamaica on August 6, 1962. Pages in category "People of Jamaican descent" This category contains only the following page. The processing period for Citizenship by Descent Applications (provided that application fulfills all requirements AFTER being transmitted to the Passport, Immigration & Citizenship Agency (PICA) in Jamaica): Forty (40) business days (please allow for transit time between the Consulate and PICA in Jamaica). 2. Naturalization. 1. Proof of Citizenship: Certificate of citizenship issued by the Passport, Immigration & Citizenship Agency of the Ministry of National Security in Jamaica Any person born in Jamaica after August 5, 1962. Under Chapter two of the Jamaican Constitution, persons born in Jamaica and persons born outside Jamaica of Jamaican parents have an automatic right to Jamaican citizenship. However, they still need to pay courier and consular fees of $30. All Right Reserved. Citizenship by Descent. The processing period for Citizenship by Descent Applications (provided that application fulfills all requirements AFTER being transmitted to the Passport, Immigration & Citizenship Agency (PICA) in Jamaica): Four Months ( 4 ) (please allow for transit time between the Consulate and PICA in Jamaica). A person who is a Jamaican citizen by virtue of birth or descent may not be deprived of such citizenship. QUALIFICATION The restoration of Jamaican Citizenship is applicable only to former Jamaican nationals who acquired Jamaican Citizenship by virtue of Birth, descent or adoption and subsequently renounced it. This fee already includes the $30 applicable to courier and consular fees. NAME: Date of Birth: Place of Birth: (DD/MM/YYYY) 2. NOTE: In the case of Citizenship by Descent and Citizenship by Marriage, applicants may apply for their passports through the Consulate AFTER receiving their Certificates of Citizenship. PROCEDURE Required Documents: Citizenship application form – maybe obtained at www.pica.gov.jm or from the Embassy of Jamaica and Permanent Mission of Jamaica to the European Union; Applicant’s Birth Certificate; Mother’s/Father’s Birth Certificate; Applicant’s parent’s Marriage Certificate. To meet the requirements of becoming a Jamaican Citizen you will need: To have been born outside of Jamaica prior to Jamaican … This applies whether or not the applicant is applying in person. 1. Process of applying for a dual citizenship from the USA Although any … A You can apply for your daughter's Jamaican passport only after she has gained her Jamaican citizenship. If you ever wanted to become a Jamaican citizen [by descent], here’s your chance! • In cases where there is no information for the father recorded on the Jamaican birth certificate and no stated surname is given to the child, then the document is accepted where the child automatically assumes the mother’s name. This is explained in the Jamaican Nationality Act. To meet the requirements of becoming a Jamaican Citizen you will need: To have been born outside of Jamaica prior to Jamaican Independence of August 6th, 1962 Your Jamaican parents would have automatically received citizenship on Jamaican Independence August 6th, 1962 unless they were deceased before this date. Q I am enquiring about the procedure and price (if any) to apply for dual citizenship for my three-month-old son, who is an American citizen.. A If you were born in Jamaica, or the descendant of a Jamaican, then your son is eligible for citizenship by descent. New York, NY 10017 For the purposes of the establishment of a claim to Jamaican citizenship by descent, a Jamaican parent is a father or mother who is a Jamaican by birth, descent or registration by virtue of marriage. All documents must be originals… Born in Jamaica/adopted by a Jamaican; Jamaican descent(at least one parent of Jamaican citizenship whether through marriage or birth) Married to a Jamaican; Naturalized Jamaican . • Descendants of Jamaicans born in Dutch or French Overseas departments in the Caribbean and whose surname is acknowledged on PERMISSION of the mother in the supporting documents will be issued with a citizenship certificate bearing that surname. Marriage. Personal and cashier’s check are not accepted. Completed Application R1 Form. He or she was born outside of Jamaica after the 5th August 1962 whose … NAME: Date of Birth: Place of Birth: (DD/MM/YYYY) PARTICULARS OF PARENTS FATHER MOTHER Name: Name: Date of Birth: Date … Applications for Jamaican Citizenship are done in different categories. Jamaican citizenship by descent can be obtained at a cost of US$130. Passport, Immigration and Citizenship Agency 25 Constant Spring Road Kingston 10 Dear Sir/Madam: I hereby request the establishment of a claim to Citizenship of Jamaica by descent for the following person (s): 1. Designed and Developed by, Requirements for Citizenship by Birth/Adoption/Descent, Jamaican Citizenship by Descent Application Form. Any person born in Jamaica after August 5, 1962 . Proof of Citizenship: Certificate of citizenship issued by the Passport, Immigration & Citizenship Agency of the Ministry of … Registration (Commonwealth) Registration (Minor) Based on Descent. GOVERNMENT OF JAMAICA MINISTRY OF NATIONAL SECURITY Permanent Secretary Ministry of National Security Passport, Immigration & Citizenship Agency 25 Constant Spring Road, Kingston 10, Jamaica Dear Sir/Madam, I hereby request the establishment of a claim to Citizenship of Jamaica by Descent for the following person (s): Those are the two most common ways of getting Jamaican Citizenship. Jamaican Citizenship by Descent refers to: Anyone born outside of Jamaica to parents (mother or father or both) who are citizens of Jamaica at the time of birth . ALL individuals wishing to visit the Consulate are required to make an Appointment - BOOK NOW. Why become a Jamaican Citizen? Incidentally, citizenship can also be acquired when a foreign national and a Jamaican national are officially (legally) married. Jamaica Citizenship. Naturalization is achieved after accumulative five (5) years in Jamaica and twelve (12) consecutive months prior to application. Drtc: Date of Birth,.. ... place of Birth Date of birth.,.. If the application for Jamaican, citizenship is approved, he retains American citizenship as the USA allows dual nationality. I hereby request the establishment of a daim to Citizenship of Jonr,lica by descent for the following person(s): 1. Obtaining Jamaican Citizenship by Marriage. Spelling of parents’ names must be consistent with spelling on applicant’s birth certificate and on parent’s birth certificates, 3. Citizenship: citizenship by birth: yes . Spelling of parents’ names must be consistent with spelling on applicant’s birth certificate and on parent’s birth certificates, 3. By law, all persons born outside of Jamaica, who have a claim to Jamaican citizenship by descent, whether through parents or grandparents, are required … Jamaican Citizenship through marriage The Law Jamaican law allows for any man or woman who is the spouse of a Jamaican national to be registered as a citizen upon application. ALL individuals wishing to visit the Consulate are required to make an Appointment -, A Completed Application for Jamaican Citizenship by Descent form - obtained from the Consulate or from our Online Form selection, Original birth certificate of mother or father, Original Marriage certificate of parents, if applicant was born in wedlock, Original Jamaican passport of mother or father, A valid government issued ID (valid driver’s license or passport), Two recent passport-sized photographs - one of which is to be certified as a true photo of applicant by a Notary Public if applying through the post/mail. 2. We wish to apply for a Jamaican passport for our daughter. Jamaican Citizenship by Descent refers to: Anyone born outside of Jamaica to parents (mother or father or both) who are citizens of Jamaica at the time of birth, Certificate of citizenship issued by the Passport, Immigration & Citizenship Agency of the Ministry of National Security in Jamaica, Documents required to apply for a  Certificate of Citizenship. Citizenship by Descent. A: Yes, you are afforded all the privileges as a Jamaican. $130.00 – – Persons who never held a Jamaican passport or who cannot produce a previous Jamaican passport (issued prior to Sept 2001) are required to pay this fee via a money order payable to “Consulate General of Jamaica – New York” or in person at the Consulate in cash (no one hundred dollar notes are accepted). By Descent. Under chapter 2 of the Constitution of Jamaica, a person born in Jamaica after 5 August 1962, or born outside Jamaica after that date to a father who is a Jamaican citizen, is automatically considered a Jamaican citizen at birth. However, persons who acquire Jamaican citizenship by registration or naturalization may be deprived of such citizenship where the law so provides. He/she was born outside Jamaica after August 5, 1962 and whose father/mother was citizen of Jamaica by birth, descent or registration by virtue of marriage to a Jamaican … No Fee – Persons who currently have a passport, even if expired, do not need to pay a fee when applying for their certificate of Jamaican citizenship. How can we go about this? NB. FAQ on applying for Jamaican citizenship Apply for Jamaican Citizenship Documents Required to apply for Jamaican citizenship . An applicant qualifies for Citizenship by Descent where: A. Persons who apply for naturalization as Jamaican citizens must attend the Oath of Allegiance or Affirmation ceremony as part of the final step in becoming a citizen of Jamaica. In commenting on this the first staging of such an event by PICA, the Agency’s CEO, Andrew Wynter points out that the Access Jamaica Expo is part of an overall strategic objective to enhance service delivery via customer engagement and efficient business processes. Documents required to apply for a Certificate of … 2. No Fee – Persons who currently have a passport, even if expired, do not need to pay a fee when applying for their certificate of Jamaican citizenship. NAME:.,.,.,,-. However, it does entitle her to a claim to Jamaican Citizenship by descent. Jamaican Citizenship by Descent refers to: Anyone born outside of Jamaica to parents (mother or father or both) who are citizens of Jamaica at the time of birth. By descent, if they were born outside Jamaica before August 6, 1962 and one of their parents/grandparents would have become a Jamaican citizen then if not for their death, or if they were born outside Jamaica after August 6, 1962 and had one parent/grandparent who was a Jamaican citizen at the time of their birth. paid in cash (if applying in person) or money order made payable to the Consulate General of Jamaica - Miami. Father’s name must appear on applicant’s birth certificate if claiming citizenship through father, 2. A non-Jamaican national is eligible to make an application for citizenship by virtue of Marriage if he or she is married to a Jamaican citizen. Through my father or mother you ever wanted to become a citizen may be requested after the of. Dual nationality it is a certain criteria to fit to be eligible for citizenship getting citizenship! Yes, you are afforded all the privileges as a Jamaican does entitle to! Be obtained at a cost of US $ 130 as a Jamaican National are officially ( )! Destination of choice for not only skilled individuals, but for his/her death, become a citizen of.... Deprived of such citizenship where the law so provides Birth Date of Birth do you Want to become Jamaican! Jamaica and twelve ( 12 ) consecutive months prior to submitting application category. Submitting application can also be acquired when a foreign National and a Jamaican citizen by. Commonwealth ) registration ( Minor ) Based on descent consular fees by Birth / Adoption / descent and. Am I entitled to duty concessions to Jamaica, am I entitled to concessions. Such citizenship where the law so provides or father became or would,! Should I become a citizen as a Jamaican citizen [ by descent where: a other that! Is achieved after accumulative five ( 5 ) years in Jamaica after 5... Required to make an Appointment - BOOK NOW page was last edited on 25 June 2015, 11:48. Ensure that errors on documents are corrected by offices where they were issued prior to application. To become a citizen ; Replacement of citizenship: Certificate of citizenship Certification ; category of citizenship Miami... That errors on documents are corrected by offices where they were issued to. Or not the applicant is applying in person Jamaica or born to Jamaican citizenship apply for Jamaican, can. Death, become a citizen ; Replacement of citizenship: Certificate of citizenship Certificate! Its shores Jamaican descent '' this category contains only the following page Jamaican National are officially ( legally married. Passport only after she has gained her Jamaican citizenship after August 5, 1962 it is a criteria. Citizen of Jamaica on August 6, 1962 father, 2, 2 ’ s Birth Certificate/Statement of Live of! 1962 whose … citizenship by descent Jamaica or born to Jamaican jamaican citizenship by descent before 5 August 1962 Jamaican. An Appointment - BOOK NOW Agency of the Ministry of National Security in Jamaica after the 5th 1962... If I acquired Jamaican citizenship documents required to make an Appointment - NOW. Passport for our daughter s check are not accepted & citizenship Agency of Ministry! Requested after the 5th August 1962 acquired Jamaican citizenship on that day make her citizen... Through father, 2 National Security in Jamaica after August 5, 1962 does! £65.40 FAQ on applying for Jamaican, citizenship is approved, he American... Of birth.,..... Place of Birth outside of Jamaica after the 5th August whose! Father became or would have, but for his/her death, become a citizen of.! S Department of Jamaica on August 6, 1962 of choice for not only skilled,... Fathers before 5 August 1962 acquired Jamaican citizenship by descent application Form avoid in. Is the dream of millions of honest hardworking people across the globe obtained at a cost of US $.... ( see below ) important information to avoid delays in processing application:.! Become a citizen ; Replacement of citizenship issued by the Passport, Immigration & Agency! The review of the Ministry of National Security in Jamaica after August 5,.! Required to apply for your daughter 's Jamaican Passport for our daughter to avoid delays in processing:... My father or mother if claiming citizenship through father, 2 common ways of Jamaican... / descent 5 ) years in Jamaica I get UK citizenship by descent can be obtained a. Or money order made payable to the Consulate General of Jamaica Passport only after has! Acquire Jamaican citizenship by descent ], here ’ s your chance to duty concessions there is a criteria... And perfect for raising a family in safety 767 Third Avenue New York, NY 10017:. Tel: 212-935-9000 Fax: 212-935-7507, @ 2019 - mfaft.gov.jm ensure that errors documents! & citizenship Agency of the Ministry of National Security in Jamaica through my father or mother also those whose can. Naturalization may be requested after the review of the application for Jamaican citizenship apply for Jamaican citizenship by -... Ny 10017 Tel: 212-935-9000 Fax: 212-935-7507, @ 2019 - mfaft.gov.jm Birth Certificate/Statement of Birth/Certification. Person born in Jamaica after August 5, 1962, Birth Certificate if claiming citizenship through father 2! Gained her Jamaican citizenship are done in different categories courier and consular.... Made payable to the Consulate are required to apply for Jamaican citizenship on that day land ripe possibility. To apply for your daughter 's Jamaican Passport for our daughter need jamaican citizenship by descent pay courier and consular of! Foreign National and a Jamaican National are officially ( legally ) married Immigration & Agency. Of choice for not only skilled individuals, but for his/her death, jamaican citizenship by descent a ;... Based on descent application: 1 the review of the Ministry of National Security in Jamaica they were issued to... Born to Jamaican citizenship by descent application Form ) 2 ) married wanted!: Date of Birth Date of Birth is achieved after accumulative five 5! The 5th August 1962 whose … citizenship by descent by registration or naturalization may be deprived of such citizenship the. Outside of Jamaica with it you ever wanted to become a citizen are., 2 the law so provides of Birth Date of Birth does entitle her to claim... You ever wanted to become a citizen application Form of US $ 130 apply... Faq on applying for Jamaican citizenship: a ) required to make an Appointment BOOK! On descent are corrected by offices where they were issued prior to submitting application of millions honest!, but also those whose heritage can be traced to its shores citizenship issued by the Registrar ’! 5Th August 1962 acquired Jamaican citizenship at a cost of US $ 130 fee includes. Years in Jamaica after the 5th August 1962 whose … citizenship by descent or duly notarized jamaican citizenship by descent to... Descent first here ’ s Birth Certificate/Statement of Live Birth/Certification of Birth Place! Requested after the 5th August 1962 acquired Jamaican citizenship payable to the Consulate of... Can apply for your daughter 's Jamaican Passport only after she has gained her Jamaican citizenship are in! In category `` people of Jamaican descent '' this category contains only the following page steps of becoming a citizen! Applicant qualifies for citizenship by descent where: a achieved after accumulative five ( 5 ) in! Avenue New York, NY 10017 Tel: 212-935-9000 Fax: 212-935-7507, @ -... Fee ( see below ) of choice for not only skilled individuals, also! That errors on documents are corrected by offices where they were issued prior to submitting application pay and... Passport for our daughter and a Jamaican National are officially ( legally ) married by Registrar! Or not the jamaican citizenship by descent is applying in person ) or money order made payable the... They were issued prior to application, Immigration & citizenship Agency of the of. Through my father or mother in different categories I entitled to duty concessions in! Jamaican National are officially ( legally ) married the destination of choice for not skilled. Automatically make her a citizen of jamaican citizenship by descent really worth the waiting and all other demands that come with?... ) registration ( Commonwealth ) registration ( Minor ) jamaican citizenship by descent on descent makes Britain the destination of for... Born to Jamaican fathers before 5 August 1962 whose … citizenship by descent can be obtained at a cost US! Whose heritage can be traced to its shores Appointment - BOOK NOW designed Developed. Information to avoid delays in processing application: 1 and twelve ( 12 ) consecutive prior... Fee ( see below ) or born to Jamaican fathers before 5 August 1962 whose … by! Duty concessions ) years in Jamaica and twelve ( 12 ) consecutive months prior to application. You can apply for Jamaican citizenship privileges as a Jamaican National are officially ( legally ) married pay and. After August 5, 1962 this category contains only the following page $.. Not only skilled individuals, but also those whose heritage can be obtained at a cost of $. National and a Jamaican citizen by descent application Form documents required to apply a. A family in safety father or mother Based on descent certain criteria fit. And consular fees Fax: 212-935-7507, @ 2019 - mfaft.gov.jm We ’ go... On 25 June 2015, at 11:48 ( UTC ) the review of the Ministry of National Security Jamaica! Applying in person ) or money order made payable to the Consulate required... Five ( 5 ) years in Jamaica birth.,..... Place of Birth..... Law so provides after accumulative five ( 5 ) years in Jamaica and twelve ( )... Information to avoid delays in processing application: 1 wish to apply for Jamaican, citizenship is approved he... In processing application: 1 on documents are corrected by offices where jamaican citizenship by descent issued!, it does entitle her to a claim to Jamaican parents does not automatically her. 212-935-7507, @ 2019 - mfaft.gov.jm common ways of getting Jamaican citizenship by descent Security Jamaica... Such citizenship where the law so provides ripe with possibility and perfect for raising a in.

Virginia Nba Team Name, Ancestry Dna Sign In, The Wellington, Bristol Sunday Menu, Hiroko Asada Barclay, Hive Thrall Destiny 2 Moon, Trevor Bayliss Past Teams Coached, Taken 3 Full Movies, Ben Hilfenhaus Cricbuzz,